stockwell carpets - handmade rugs and carpets
From Farm To Yarn
18/11/2014

 

Sheep grow a wool coat and usually they are sheared once a year, before lambing or in the spring when the temperature rises and the winter coat is no longer needed. A veteran shearer can shear up to two hundred sheep per day. The quality of wool varies depending on the part of the sheep's body it comes from.

Different breeds of sheep produce different types of wool, from very fine merino wool to much coarser crossbred wool. Coarser diameter wool is more suitable for heavy apparel and carpets.

The best quality comes from the shoulder and sides of the sheep and is used for clothing. The lesser quality comes from the lower legs and is used to make rugs.

The shorn wool coat is called a fleece. It is also called "grease wool" because of all the oil and lanolin in the wool. Each fleece can weight between 1.5 and 7 kg depending upon the breed of sheep.The fleece must be cleaned before it can be processed into wool yarn.. The wool is washed in hot soapy water to remove dirt and grease. After washing, the wool is dried.
The fleece needs to be carded before it can be spun into yarn. Carding is a hand or mechanical process. The fibres are separated and straightened, and then twisted back into one another again forming strings of wool. Once carding is complete the fibres are ready for spinning. The craft for spinning is thousands of years old. During the spinning process the fibres are twisted into a long thread of yarn unless they are to be worsted wool in which case another process, called combing is involved. The worsted process is more complex that than the woollen process. Combing removes shorter length fibres and helps to further straighter the fibres and lay them parallel.

After spinning, the wool is either woven or tufted. Woven carpets can be either hand knotted or hand loomed, or machine woven on Wilton or Axminster looms. Tufting can either be done by hand or by machine: in this technique, yarns are stitched through a backing fabric to create loops. The loops are either cut or left as loops, depending on the finish required . After the tufting is complete, the primary backing is covered with a latex material and a secondary backing is attached to protect the stitches, and to give dimensional stability.
Nothing compares to a high quality wool carpet and Craigie Stockwell Carpets uses the very best wool materials.
Wool is very durable and will last for many years without showing signs of wear creating a space that is comfortable and luxurious to the touch. Wool is a family friendly material and has a lot of benefits from a natural ability to resist staining and soiling to preventing the growth of bacteria or dust mites.

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